Ngorongoro Conservation Area

The Ngorongoro Conservation Area covers 8,292 square kilometers.It is among the three divisions that collectively form the Ngorongoro District in Arusha Region.

Ngorongoro Conservation Area

  • Size: It covers an area of about 8,292 square kilometers

NCA was established in 1959 by the NCA Ordinance No 413 of 1959 as a multiple land use area, designated to promote the conservation of natural resources, safeguard the interests of NCA indigenous residents and promote tourism. This is a unique protected area in itself where the natural resources of the area form the integral part of human development, something not found in any other park.

TThe main attraction of this conservation area is undoubtedly the Ngorongoro Crater which supports nearly 2 million migratory wildlife species of the bigger Serengeti-Mara ecosystem. The catchment forest; the Northern Highland Forest Reserve (NHFR) known as ‘Entim Olturot’ in Maa language. Another profound feature inside of NCA is that of the Olduvai Gorge, a major archaeological and palaeontological site where traces of the first human footprints have been discovered. Because of such prominent features and the harmonious co-existence between wildlife and people that has existed for many years, NCA was accorded the status of a World Heritage Site and listed as one of the International Biosphere Reserve by the UNESCO’s Man and Biosphere Reserve Programme.

NCAA Vision

The vision of NCAA is self-financed World Heritage Site that provides sustainable benefits for NCA indigenous residents, Tanzanians and guarantees protection of natural, cultural and archaeological resources for global community.

The Mission Statement of NCAA

The NCAA will cooperate with NCA indigenous residents to professionally conserve the natural and historical resources, while providing optimal social services to residents, staff and visitors. The mission of NCAA is to strive to maintain the status of NCA as a World Heritage Site as well as an eighth wonder of the world through:

  • Provision of optimal and legitimate social services to NCA indigenous residents;
  • Professionally manage natural, cultural and archaeological resources;
  • Maintain committed and highly qualified staff;
  • Formulation and implementation of appropriate policies;
  • Provision of high quality tourism services; and

NCAA Core Values

  • Sustainability
  • Valuing people
  • Accountability to stakeholders.

The objectives / functions of the NCAA as stated in the Ordinance are:

  • To conserve and develop the natural resources of the Conservation Area
  • To promote tourism within the Conservation Area and to provide and encourage the provision of facilities and infrastructure necessary or expedient for the promotion of tourism
  • To safeguard and promote the interests of Maasai citizens of the United Republic engaged in cattle ranching and dairy industry within the Conservation Area
  • To promote and regulate the development of forestry within the Conservation Area
  • The construct the necessary infrastructure of roads, aerodromes, buildings, bridges, fences and water supplies, and carry out other works related to the overall development and protection of the Conservation Area which may be deemed necessary by the Board of Directors
  • To do anything as and when required and enter into the buying process which in board’s opinion is calculated to facilitate the proper exercise by the Authority of its functions in a more efficient manner under this act, including
  • To do anything and enter into any transaction which in the opinion of the board, is calculated to facilitate the proper and efficient exercise by the Authority of its functions under this act, including:
    • The carrying out of the activities of the NCA in participation with any other person
    • The acquisition as per the agreement in the best of the interest of the companies and firms engaged in activities in which the NCA may or may not lawfully be engaged under this act, and the management of the affairs or the continuation of the business of such companies and firms;
    • The establishment of branches within the United Republic or elsewhere.

Multiple Land Use

The multiple land use philosophy in the area is to maintain the peaceful co-existence of human and wildlife in a natural and traditional setting. Pastoralism, conservation of natural resources and tourism are the three, main components that are given equal consideration in policy shaping decisions. The NCA aims for the historic balance of people and nature in a way which has not been possible in many parts of the world. At stake are the rich bio diversity and ecology of the Serengeti Plains and The Ngorongoro Highlands, the major palaeontological and archaeological sites and important water catchment areas. Tourism is a vital element in raising revenue and has been encouraged and developed with a respect for culture and without damaging the environment. Man and his ancestors have lived in the Ngorongoro eco-system for more than three million years. By careful research and continuing management, the fragile balance between man and nature will be successfully maintained.